Research and Data

Other Researchers Using Sentencing Data

Other Researchers Using Sentencing Data

Austin, James, Ph.D., Jones, Charles, J.D., Kramer, John, Ph.D., and Renninger, Phil. (1995). National Assessment of Structured Sentencing: Final Report. National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Justice Assistance Corrections Branch, U.S. Department of Justice.

Austin, Roy L. and Allen, Mark D. (2000). Racial Disparity in Arrest Rates as an Explanation of Racial Disparity in Commitment to Pennsylvania’s Prisons. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 37(2): 200 – 220.

Bergstrom, Mark H., Mistick, Joseph Sabino, and Dermody, Frank. (2003). The Pennsylvania Experience: Public Release of Judge-Specific Sentencing Data. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 16(2): 57-66.

Britt, Chester L. (2000). Social Context and Racial Disparities in Punishment Decisions. Justice Quarterly, 17(4): 707-732.

Chanenson, Steven L. (2005) The Next Era of Sentencing Reform. Emory Law Journal. 54(1): 377-460.

Del Sole, Joseph A. (1993). Appellate Review in a Sentencing Guidelines Jurisdiction: The Pennsylvania Experience. Duquesne Law Review, 31: 479-504.

Engen, Rodney L. and Gainey, Randy R. (2000). Conceptualizing Legally Relevant Factors Under Guidelines: A Reply to Ulmer. Criminology, 38(4): 1245-1252.

Frase, Richard S. (1997). Sentencing Guidelines in the States: Lessons for State and Federal Reformers. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 10(1): 46-50.

Frase, Richard S. (1999). Sentencing Guidelines in Minnesota, Other States, and the Federal Courts: A Twenty-Year Retrospective. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 12(2): 69-82.

Fridirici, Peter. (2000). Comment: Does Economic Crime Pay in Pennsylvania? The Perception of Leniency in Pennsylvania Economic Offender Sentencing. Villanova Law Review, 45: 793-825.

Gorton, Joe and Boies, John L. (1999). Sentencing Guidelines and Racial Disparity Across Time: Pennsylvania Prison Sentences in 1977, 1983, 1992, and 1993. Social Sciences Quarterly, 80( 1): 37-54.

Hobbs, Jordeen M. (1996). Structuring Sentencing Discretion in Pennsylvania: Are Guidelines Still a Viable Option in Light of Commonwealth vs. Devers? Temple Law Review, 69: 941-961.

Johnson, Brian D. (2005) Contextual Disparities in Guideline Departures: Courtroom Social Contexts, Guidelines Compliance, and Extralegal Disparities in Criminal Sentencing. Criminology. 43(3): 761-796.

Johnson, Brian D. (2006). The Multilevel Context of Criminal Sentencing: Integrating Judgeand County Level Influences in the Study of Courtroom Decision Making.Criminology, 44(2): 259-298.

Johnson, Brian. (2003). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Sentencing Departures Across Modes of Conviction. Criminology, 41(2): 449-490.

Kempinen, Cynthia and Kurlychek, Megan. (2003). An Outcome Evaluation of Pennsylvania’s Boot Camp: Does Rehabilitative Programming Within a Disciplinary Setting Reduce Recidivism? Crime and Delinquency, 49(4): 581-601.

Kramer, John and Kempinen, Cynthia. (1995). The Reassessment and Remaking of Pennsylvania’s Sentencing Guidelines. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 8(2): 74-79.

Kramer, John and Steffensmeier, Darrell. (1993). Race and Imprisonment Decisions. The Sociological Quarterly, 34(2): 357-376.

Kramer, John H. and Kempinen, Cynthia A. (1993). History of Pennsylvania Sentencing Reform. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 6(3): 152-157.

Kramer, John H. and Ulmer, Jeffrey T. (1996). Sentencing Disparity and Departures from Guidelines. Justice Quarterly, 13(1): 81-106.

Kramer, John H. and Ulmer, Jeffrey T. (2002). Downward Departures for Serious Violent Offenders: Local Court ‘Corrections’ to Pennsylvania’s Sentencing Guidelines. Criminology, 40(4): 897-931.

Kramer, John. (1999). Offense Severity: Complex Choices. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 12(1): 37-40.

Kurlychek, Megan and Johnson, Brian D. (2004). The Juvenile Penalty: A Comparison of Sentencing Outcomes for Transferred Juveniles and Young Adult Offenders. Criminology, 42(2): 485-517.

Marvell, Thomas B. (1995). Sentencing Guidelines and Prison Population Growth. The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 85(3): 696-709.

Reitz, Kevin R. (1997). Sentencing Guideline Systems and Sentence Appeals: A Comparison of Federal and State Experiences. Northwestern University Law Review, 91: 1441-1506.

Roberts, Julian V. and Tonry, Michael (Eds.). (1997). The Role of Criminal Record in the Sentencing Process, In Crime and Justice: A Review of Research. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Ruback, Barry R. (2002). Restitution in Pennsylvania: A Multimethod Investigation. Washington, D.C.: The National Institute of Justice.

Steffensmeier, Darrell and Britt, Chester L. (2001). Judges’ Race and Judicial Decision Making: Do Black Judges Sentence Differently? Social Science Quarterly, 82(4): 749 – 764.

Steffensmeier, Darrell and Hebert, Chris. (1999). Women and Men Policymakers: Does the Judge’s Gender Affect the Sentencing of Criminal Defendants? Social Forces, 77(3): 1169-1196.

Steffensmeier, Darrell and Motivans, Mark. (2000). Older Men and Older Women in the Arms of Criminal Law: Offending Patterns and Sentencing Outcomes. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 55B(3): 141-151.

Steffensmeier, Darrell J. and Demuth, Stephen. (2001). Ethnicity and Judges’ Sentencing Decisions: Hispanic-Black-White Comparisons. Criminology, 39(1): 145-178.

Steffensmeier, Darrell, Kramer, John, and Streifel, Cathy. (1993). Gender and Imprisonment Decisions. Criminology, 31(3): 411-446.

Steffensmeier, Darrell, Kramer, John, and Ulmer, Jeffrey. (1995). Age Differences in Sentencing. Justice Quarterly, 12(3): 583-602.

Steffensmeier, Darrell, Ulmer, Jeffrey and Kramer, John. (1998). The Interaction of Race, Gender, and Age in Criminal Sentencing: The Punishment Cost of Being Young, Black, and Male. Criminology, 36(4): 763-797.

Tonry, Michael (Ed.). (1993). Sentencing Commissions and Their Guidelines. In Crime and Justice: A Review of Research( 17). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Tonry, Michael (Ed.). (1998). Intermediate Sanctions in Sentencing Guidelines, In Crime and Justice: A Review of Research (23). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Ulmer, Jeffery T. and Bradley, Mindy S. (2006). Variation in Trial Penalties among Serious Violent Offenses. Criminology, 44(3): 631-670.

Ulmer, Jeffery T. and Johnson, Brian. (2004). Sentencing in Context: A Multilevel Analysis. Criminology, 42(1): 137-177.

Ulmer, Jeffrey T. (1994). Trial Judges in a Rural Court Community: Contexts, Organizational Relations, and Interaction Strategies. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 23(1): 79-108.

Ulmer, Jeffrey T. (1997). A Processual Order Approach to Studying Sentencing Guidelines: Contexts, Activities, and Consequences. Applied Behavioral Science Review,5(1): 81-100.

Ulmer, Jeffrey T. (2000). The Rules Have Changed — So Proceed With Caution: A Comment on Engen and Gainey’s Method for Modeling Sentencing Outcomes Under Guidelines. Criminology, 38(4): 1231-1243.

Ulmer, Jeffrey T. and Kramer, John H. (1996). Court Communities Under Sentencing Guidelines: Dilemmas of Formal Rationality and Sentencing Disparity. Criminology, 34(3): 383-408.

Ulmer, Jeffrey T. and Kramer, John H. (1998). The Use and Transformation of Formal Decision-Making Criteria: Sentencing Guidelines, Organizational Contexts, and Case Processing Strategies. Social Problems, 45,(2): 248-267.

Ulmer, Jeffrey T. and van Asten, Christine. (2004). Restrictive Intermediate Punishments and Recidivism in Pennsylvania. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 16(3): 182-187.